|June 06, 2007|
Science academies call for climate action
|(GLOBE-Net) -- On the eve of a major summit on energy and climate change, the national science academies of the G8 countries, along with those of Mexico, Brazil, South Africa, China, and India, have issued a joint statement calling for urgent, coordinated action to improve energy efficiency, to invest in low-carbon energy sources, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. |
"Our present energy course is not sustainable," says the statement, signed by leaders of the respective science academies. Energy demand will increase greatly with economic growth in developing countries, and responding to this demand while addressing climate change will require "all the determination and ingenuity we can muster," it adds.
"The problem is not yet insoluble, but becomes more difficult with each passing day," say the scientists, putting forth an action plan which recommends investment in energy efficiency as a first step towards a sustainable energy future.
"Urgent" investment in energy efficiency should concentrate on the following common strategic priorities, says the statement: sustainable buildings; efficient transport and alternative fuels; Modern power technology to make conventional fuels more efficient; electrical appliances; and measures to "create the conditions and opportunities for energy consumers to use energy more efficiently".
After the "first crucial step" of increasing energy efficiency, a variety of solutions are advocated: the substitution of fossil fuels by renewable energy sources, clean coal technologies, carbon capture and storage and advanced exploitation of nuclear fission and, in the longer term, fusion.
According to the academies, this portfolio of solutions can only be brought forth through aggressive investment in research, development and innovation. Key research and innovation issues include: overcoming the intermittency problem for renewables, converting biomass (eg. lignocellulose) to transport fuels, and coming to grips with the challenges of safety, waste, and non-proliferation in the nuclear energy domain.
"We call on all countries of the world to cooperate in identifying common strategic objectives for sustainable, efficient and climate friendly energy systems, and in implementing actions toward them," concludes the statement. The groups note that the G8 countries bear a "special responsibility" for energy consumption and climate change, which newly industrialized countries will share in the future.
The statement ends with a call to world leaders, "especially those meeting at the G8 Summit in June 2007," to:
The joint statement of national science academies can be read here (PDF).
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