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 December 08, 2009
Emission Standards for New Vehicles Released

 

OTTAWA, Ontario - The federal government has released draft regulations to limit greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles beginning with the 2011 model year. The regulatory requirements to limit greenhouse gas emissions will be implemented through the authority of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA).

The draft regulations would establish fleet average greenhouse gas emission standards aligned with applicable standards under the U.S. national fuel economy program.

  • Companies would be required to comply with "unique" fleet average GHG emission standards for passenger automobiles and light trucks aligned with applicable U.S. fuel economy standards for the 2011 model year
  • A company's "unique" fleet average standard would be determined based on the size (i.e. footprint) and the number of vehicles it sells in the 2011 model year

2012 and Later Model Years

The draft regulations would establish a comprehensive regulatory program for reducing GHG emissions aligned with the GHG-based program that has been proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Clean Air Act.

  • Companies would be required to comply with "unique" fleet average GHG emission standards for passenger automobiles and light trucks for each model year
  • A company's "unique" fleet average standard would be determined based on the size (i.e. footprint) and the number of vehicles it sells in a given model year
  • The fleet average GHG emission standards would become progressively more stringent with each new model year from 2012-2016
  • The GHG emission standards would put Canadian requirements at par with U.S. national standards and, by 2016 with the California standards.
  • While more detailed modeling is being conducted, it is anticipated that the average GHG emission performance of the 2016 Canadian fleet of new cars and light trucks would match the average level of 155 g CO2/km (250 gCO2/mile) that has been projected for the US, which would represent an approximate 20% reduction compared to the new vehicle fleet that was sold in Canada in 2007.
  • The regulations would also establish separate limits for other tailpipe GHG emissions such as nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4)

"Our regulations will help create a common North American approach to regulating greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles," said Environment Minister Jim Prentice. "This is an important step in the fight against climate change."

Canada and the U.S. are working towards a common North American approach to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by introducing aligned and progressively tighter regulatory requirements over the 2011-2016 model years. Because the two countries share a deeply integrated automotive industry, there are significant environmental and economic benefits to an approach that is closely aligned.

Today's release of the draft regulations is the next step in the process that was announced by Minister Prentice in April 2009, and will allow for early consultations with provinces, territories and stakeholders. Following these consultations, proposed regulations are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette Part I for a 60-day formal public comment period.

The draft regulations can be found here

See also Key Features of the Draft Regulation of GHG Emissions From New Vehicles

Source: www.ec.gc.ca